Renewable Energy

Renewables: household bio-gas, run-of-river hydro, solar cookers, solar PV, wind


Solar PV

Solar cookers

Household biogas

Waste biomass to energy

Run-of-river hydro-electricity


Renewable energy projects replace energy sourced from fossil fuels or unsustainably extracted forest biomass

They replace heating fuels (solar cookers, household biogas) or generate electricity (solar PV, wind, hydro, biomass to energy)

The emissions avoided are credited and can be used as a carbon offset

When you buy a renewable energy carbon offset, you are buying these avoided emissions

These projects reduce a country’s reliance on energy from fossil fuels, which are often imported at great expense

Offsets help support the renewable energy industry’s development in countries where there are barriers to its uptake and helps increase its penetration into local electricity markets

An electricity project brings or improves electricity supply to poor communities; a heating fuel project improves indoor air quality and health

A renewable energy project located near a poor village will often lead to infrastructure improvements (roads, bridges, schools, medical facilities), local employment and increased economic opportunities

Access to Electricity

Over 750 million people have no access to electricity today, now


Each day, none of them have access for more than 4 hours

In that time, they use it to provide rudimentary lighting, power for a radio or to charge a phone


3/4 of a billion people, each using about 22 kWh per year


Compare that to how much you use in a day


Where are the best places to install new renewable energy projects to maximise the benefits?

places where the extra electricity supply has the greatest impact on people’s lives


Imagine the impact when electricity becomes available to those people who have no or poor access to it


Without carbon finance, these projects would not be viable

Hannah Ritchie and Max Roser (2020) – “Energy”. Published online at Retrieved from: ‘’ [Online Resource]

Renewable Energy Technologies - Renewable Heat

Household Biogas

Households are provided with a biodigester, typically a fixed dome tank

The biodigester replaces the coal fired stoves that are used by rural households

Organic matter including manure and other wastes are decayed anaerobically (without oxygen)

This biological digestion produces methane which is then used for cooking

The recovery and use of the biogas reduces methane emissions from poor manure management practices

diagram explaining what goes into and what comes out of household biogas unit
Household biogas turns organic and household wastes into clean burning gas and fertiliser

Replaces coal and other solid fuels (firewood, charcoal, dung, straw) for cooking and heating

Reduces expenditure on coal and other fuels, freeing up money for other uses

Increases employment for local people (construction and servicing of biodigesters)

Improves the living and cooking conditions for the household

Decreases indoor air pollution and helps improve the household’s health

Popularizes practical, appropriately-scaled energy technology

Solar Cookers

The solar cooker uses parabolic reflectors to gather sunlight for cooking

Generally composed of cooker body, pot rack, cooker rack and a tracking and adjusting mechanism

In the projects sold by Beyond Neutral, most of the rural households in the area use coal-fired stoves for water boiling and cooking

Solar cookers enable these rural households to partly and efficiently substitute solar energy for coal use

Example of parabolic solar cooker
Solar cooker in the Kagbeni village in Nepal. Himalayas, Annapurna circuit trek

No construction is required to use the solar cookers

Able to be produced domestically within the country

The lifetime of a solar cooker is at least 10 years

Consume less coal, spend less on fuel and lower fire risk from coal-fired stoves

Create no smoke so improve indoor air quality

Local jobs and training are created, people educated about solar energy technology

Renewable Energy Technologies - Renewable Electricity

Solar PV

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) projects vary in size with some projects using over 1,000,000 solar PV modules

These projects help reduce the gap between supply and demand that exists in many countries

They help improve electricity quality and the grid’s reliability, which helps support economic activity in an area

By installing a solar PV project, a country reduces its reliance on both foreign and locally sourced fossil fuels

Solar Photovoltaics (PV)
Solar Photovoltaics (PV)

Permanent and temporary employment opportunities for local skilled and unskilled people are created

This increased employment helps improve their economic conditions

Solar PV brings additional investment into a region and contributes towards infrastructure development

Reduces SOx, NOx and particulates air pollution associated with fossil fuel electricity generation

Acts to promote the uptake of solar PV power


Wind projects vary in size, both in terms of total installed capacity and the rated output of each wind turbine

They help improve the electricity grid’s supply, especially in areas where there is a supply/ demand gas

They help improve the local grid’s power characteristics, improving reliability and usability

Improving electricity supplies contribute to steady and reliable economic growth in a region

Wind Turbines in Hebei Province, China
Wind turbines across the landscape of Guanting Reservoir, Hebei, China

Wind projects displace fossil fuel-based electricity generation

By reducing reliance on imported fossil fuels, they help increase a country’s energy security

Local air quality is improved by avoiding the release of SOx, NOx and particulates

They help alleviate poverty through employment generation and improved economic activities due to a strengthening of the local grid

In the region around the wind project, infrastructure such as roads are improved and economic investment occurs

Run of River Hydro-electricity

Run-of-river hydro-electricity projects have no storage dams as a part of their design

As a project has no water storage facilities, power generation throughout the year depends on current stream flows

By reducing a region’s gap between electricity supply and demand, the grid’s reliability and electricity quality is improved

Improved electricity supplies helps support business opportunities in a region

Access to electricity creates opportunities for local people to establish new cottage and rural industries, providing additional income sources

Pelton wheel is one of the types of run of river hydro
The Pelton wheel is one of the technologies used in run of river hydro projects

Electricity is generated without carbon emissions or the SOx, NOx and particulates associated with fossil fuel electricity generation

Poverty is alleviated by generating direct and indirect employment during its construction and operation

This in turn helps reduce migration to the cities and improve rural development opportunities

Regional infrastructure development (e.g. roads) occurs

These projects mobilise additional investment into a region

Waste Biomass to Energy

Waste biomass to energy project use local surplus biomass residues (agricultural residues like maize stalk, rice husks, crop residues, bagasse) for generating heat and electricity

They typically install a boiler which provides both thermal and electrical generation capacity

Projects often operate collection stations around the plant where local farmers can sell their agricultural residues

The residues are a by-product of agriculture crops and not from a production process

Without these projects, fossil fuels would continue to be used to generate electricity and heat, and the agricultural residue dumped or left to decay in an uncontrolled manner

waste biomass to energy plant
After harvest, agricultural residues are collected and used as fuel to generate electricity and heat

Reduces fossil carbon emissions by displacing fossil fuel derived electricity and thermal energy

Avoids CH4 emissions created where waste biomass is dumped or left to decay anaerobically

The ash by-product from the use of biomass to generate electricity and heat can also be used as a fertilizer

Improves the livelihoods of local people by creating employment opportunities

Develops new local economic activities around the purchase, transport and storage of the waste biomass

Project Examples

Household Biogas

GS 2664

Gold Standard
Hainan Province, China

15,555 household-scale biodigesters convert organic matter into biogas replacing coal fired stoves

Beyond the Carbon

Improved indoor air quality helps women and children’s health, money is no longer spent on coal and uncontrolled releases of methane from poor manure management

Solar Cookers

GS 7606

Gold Standard
Henan Province, China

50,000 parabolic solar cookers distributed free to rural households that use coal as a fuel for cooking and boiling water

Beyond the Carbon

Employment created and training provided, better indoor air quality improves household health and not paying for coal frees up money for other uses

Solar PV

VCS 1770

Verified Carbon Standard
Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, India

105 MW solar PV installed in 2 Indian states using over 1 million solar panels

Beyond the Carbon

Helps local electricity demand/ supply gap, reduces SOx, NOx and particulates and creates employment and infrastructure


VCS 1812

Verified Carbon Standard
Araripina, Brazil

358.8 MW grouped wind project composed of fourteen wind power plants, supplying electricity to Brazil’s national grid

Beyond the Carbon

Creates local employment, improves local electricity supplies and reduces SOx, NOx and particulates

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Buying carbon offsets from Beyond Neutral is easy

All the renewable energy carbon offset projects sold by Beyond Neutral are accredited under either VCS or Gold Standard , so the offset you buy has been created by a project

  • that follows a specific methodology
  • has been verified as having occurred by one of that Standard’s third party verification bodies
  • is tracked in that Standard’s Registry using a unique serial number from issuance until retirement on your behalf
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