Cookstoves – Malawi and Mozambique

Improved Cookstoves Project for Malawi and Cross-border Regions of Mozambique

VCS 1719 global location
VCS 1719 global location

Project Number

VCS 1719


Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)

Technology Type


Project Location

Throughout Malawi (Northern, Central and Southern Provinces)

Project Description

Malawi is amongst the world’s poorest countries, ranking 171 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index.

Over 70% of the population live below the income poverty line of US$1.25 a day.

Firewood is burnt using a traditional pot support or three-stones used for cooking by approximately 90% of households with about 7% using charcoal, especially in rural areas.

The project promotes and installs improved cookstoves (the TLC Rocket Stove) for use by residential households in rural areas.

These cookstoves substantially reduce fuel consumption and emissions by improving combustion efficiency and thermal transfer to the pot compared with a traditional pot support or three-stone fire.

Each cookstove’s end user is informed that carbon finance is being generated by the use of the ICS, and that this finance is in turn used to lower the sales price of the ICS.

The project delivers a long-term, secure and simple contribution to sustainable development in Malawi that, without carbon finance, would not exist.

large pots over open fires
2.6 billion people use polluting fuels to cook food

Sustainability Beyond Carbon

3 stones are used around the world to hold a pot above an open fire
3 stones are used around the world to hold a pot above an open fire

The project helps reduce the use of non-renewable biomass from Malawi’s forests, assisting conservation of existing forest stock, helping protect natural forest ecosystems and wildlife habitats.  By reducing forest degradation, it helps protect watersheds that regulate water table levels and prevent flash flooding.

By using firewood more efficiently, less time is spent collecting fuel, reducing the work burden on rural families, especially women and children and providing time for alternative economic activities and schooling.

Indoor air pollution is reduced which benefits women and children in particular.  The WHO has found that 40% of all childhood pneumonia can be attributed to exposure to indoor smoke, which has also been found to cause chronic lung disease in women.

The cookstove is a safer method for combusting biomass for cooking, helping to reduce burn injuries, especially for children.

The project helps develop a section of the rural economy in Malawi; in local assembly, distribution, maintenance and monitoring activities.

Household expenditures on cooking fuel are reduced by using the cookstoves, while the reduced household labour and time spent gathering fuel enables more productive economic activities to be undertaken.

It helps in the creation of direct local employment opportunities in operational and management roles as well as assembly and/ or manufacturing initiatives.

Project Design, Monitoring, Validation and Verification Reports

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Information about the project has been sourced from the publicly available documents provided here:

All images are either representative stock images, images supplied by the project, or sourced from the Verra VCS Project Database

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